Elger worked with a team of 30 specialists, and they have succeeded well in bringing their immense topic into the compass of a small volume. The articles are concise— often very concise—but accurate. Numerous cross-references are useful, as are the bibliographical references at the end of almost all articles. All in all, this is an excellent introduction to Islam. Herbert Schwinghammer. This work treats the topic of Islam in a short and superficial fashion. The author is not known as a specialist on Islam, hence it is not surprising that the text contains numerous errors. This book cannot be recommended and brings no honor to the previously respected Knaur name.
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Bernhard Maier. The book jacket text claims that this volume, with its pages and catchwords, delivers all the pertinent information on the Koran. A useful index provides references from the Arabic terms to these translated entries. One unfortunate lack is the omission of living Koran scholars among the biographies. In its way, this volume gives the Koran-interested reader a lot of basic information in a concise form, and the numerous bibliographical citations encourage further reading.
Ursula Spuler-Stegemann. At present one can find no better book for gaining a comprehensive understanding of the phenomenon of Islam in Germany. The author, a specialist in religious studies and Turkish studies at the University of Marburg, has made extensive revisions to a work first published in , though much of the earlier material remains. A committed Christian, Spuler-Stegemann provides enlightening testimonies from German converts to Islam, but then exaggerates the dangers of Islamic mission efforts.
She also cautions against Islamist political movements and their attempts to infiltrate German institutions. At the same time, she displays considerable interest in the problems Muslim women face in Germany and points out the need of Muslims to be treated as equals, not as objects of conscientious good-neighborliness, in social situations.
Western Missions in the Middle East in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
Chapters in this book deal with problems resulting from the encounter of Islamic rules of religious observance with the realities of German life e. The author also provides contact information for Islamic organizations and a glossary of initialisms. In fact librarians themselves became members of the occupation regime: library overseers in France from on were Ernst Wermke and particularly Hermann Fuchs After the war the Allied powers demanded that the books be returned to France, and they were… mostly.
Relatively short but painstakingly researched contributions from both French and German scholars are enriched with historical photographs, documents, and sample pages taken from the rare volumes. This bilingual volume contains the German text on one side and the French twin edition on the other. This edited volume is a collection of essays by scholars from a range of disciplines that examine the fates of libraries and librarianship under Nazi Germany and fascist Italy.
Given the range of topics pursued by the various contributors, generalizations are hard to come by, though some common threads can be identified. Fascist Italy was successful in centralizing and coordinating libraries and archives, and to further that end the Associazione Italiana Biblioteche AIB was established in For a longer history of Italian librarians and librarianship see Per una storia dei bibliotecari italiani del XX secolo: Dizionario bio-bibliografico see RREA and the Dizionario bio-bibliografico dei bibliotecari e bibliofili italiani: dal sec.
Germany witnessed greater violence and everyday repression, from the destruction of Jewish libraries to heightened censorship. Given the dearth of studies that have attempted to examine librarianship during this period in comparative fashion, this volume marks a welcome addition to the literature and should be widely read.
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The only real criticism at that time was that Ms. Poulain, presumably for linguistic reasons, had paid little attention to German-language documents, even though the librarians who controlled the fate of French libraries during the time of the Occupation were German. Thus it was good to hear that a second, expanded edition of Ms.
Sadly it turns out that the second edition is basically a paperback version of the publication; it contains no new material to speak of, only a few updates in its bibliography. An additional problem turns up in the notes all unfortunately relegated to the end of the book , where references to page numbers in the body of the text are often incorrect. The new edition also lacks the illustrations found in the first edition. The importance of German sources to a full understanding of this topic is demonstrated in a recent monograph which was of course not yet available to Ms.
A published edition of these documents would be most welcome to scholars of the period. This collection of texts in which the Bavarian State Library plays an important role includes not only narratives and testimonials by leading German literary authors but features excerpts from reports, diaries, and letters.
Major literary visitors and users include Ludwig Thoma, Ludwig Ganghofer, Joachim Ringelnatz, Oskar Maria Graf, Lion Feuchtwanger, and Thomas Mann, who sent the head of acquisitions, Emil Gratzl, a list of desiderata with the above request, used as the title for this volume. The author Ludwig Ganghofer used the outside of the building to practice rock climbing. There are 48 texts from one to three pages in length arranged in six chronological sections and covering the period from to the present. This excellent anthology documents the rich history of this very important German Library and its literary users.
Die 101 wichtigsten Fragen - Islam (Becksche Reihe) (German Edition)
Coincidentally, the th anniversary of the completion and occupation in of the monumental building designed by architect Ernst von Ihne to house the new quarters of the State Library, and the 60th birthday of its current director Barbara Schneider-Kempf occurred only a month apart in early Twenty-five of her colleagues took this occasion to focus on the history of their institution during the past years, especially its main library on the boulevard Unter den Linden in the eastern part of Berlin, where most of the rich historical and special collections are housed.
In , construction of the West Berlin counterpart of the State Library was completed under the aegis of the Foundation for the Prussian Cultural Heritage. After , the reunification of both libraries, along with that of the country, gave rise to various problems, some persisting to this day and discussed in a number of pieces in this volume. The many contributions include an introduction to previous general e. When the libraries in the two parts of Berlin were brought together after the reunification of Germany, the many special collections and the historical holdings were housed in the Unter den Linden building.
The staff of the now united State Library faced immense tasks.
Not only did they have to combine the holdings of the buildings in east and west and determine how and where to house them, they also had to renovate the facility in East Berlin. Several articles discuss the costly and protracted renovations, in some parts of the building even reconstruction, not all of which have yet been completed. Also discussed is the issue of looted books. As a result of the ravages of war, even today extensive holdings from the State Library can still be found in Eastern Europe. Repatriation of the materials has proved to be difficult, and in the case of Russia almost impossible, due to a current law in that country regarding looted cultural property.
Nonetheless there has been cooperation between the State Library and Russian libraries, with some of the books looted by German troops having been returned to their legal owners, for example in Smolensk. At that time one of the main goals was to improve access to the collections for the many researchers who wanted to make use of them.
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This has largely been accomplished. Other tasks still lie ahead.
Guide Die wichtigsten Fragen - Islam (Becksche Reihe) (German Edition)
The State Library, like other libraries, must position itself in the rapidly changing library landscape of the 21st century. Several articles illustrate clearly that it is open to modern developments, such as quality control and management, increased outreach, and an already established Friends of the State Library organization. The mostly brief but carefully researched contributions to this beautifully illustrated volume offer deep insight into the history, but also the present of this semi-national library.
Over interested parties convened to explore the history of the Prussian State Library and German librarianship during the Nazi regime. Since then they have undertaken numerous projects to document their history as well as identify looted materials and restore them to their rightful owners or heirs.
Many of these initiatives and conferences have been reviewed in Reference Reviews Europe. His relationship to Nazism was ambivalent.
In his personal behavior he was routine and impersonal, even cold in his relationships with Jews and other political outsiders. Even when he finally joined the Nazi party, he was definitely not an enthusiastic National Socialist. In comparison to Rudolf Kummer, however, his former Munich colleague, Buttman was not a militant Nazi; his daily library work promoted librarianship, not party politics.
Arthur Spanier , for example, worked in the Oriental section of the Prussian State Library and was an expert in Hebrew manuscripts. He was unsuccessful in getting a visa to the United States and went into exile in the Netherlands instead; in he was deported from there to Bergen-Belsen and murdered.
The present Berlin State Library hosted a exhibit on his life.